Testudo hermanni

Common name: the Hermann’s tortoise

Conservation status: Near Threatened

Distribution: Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Monte Negro, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Turkey

Size: up to 210 mm

Description: head, limbs and tail are greyish with yellow spots; carapace is yellow with black spots; tail bears a horny spike at the tip

Habitat: evergreen Mediterranean oak forests, maquis, garigue, dune scrubs, agricultural areas and railway edge habitats

Activity: diurnal, hibernation takes place from November to February

Diet: mainly herbivorous, occasionally eat small invertebrates

Reproduction: oviparous

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