Emys orbicularis

Common name: the European Pond Turtle

Conservation status: Near Threatened

Distribution: Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine

Introduced to: Belgium, Luxembourg, United Kingdom

Size: up to 380 mm

Description: head, limbs, and tail are dark with yellow or light brown spots and small dots; shell is oval; dorsal shields are dark and spotted or striated with yellow markings

Habitat: ponds, lakes, brooks, streams, rivers, drainage canals

Activity: diurnal, timing of hibernation varies through the range

Diet: invertebrates, small aquatic vertebrates and aquatic plants

Reproduction: breeding period lasts from spring to early summer depending on location. Nest is digged on land, 8-10 eggs are laid into the nest and covered with the removed soil

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