Vipera berus

Common name: the Common European Adder

Conservation status: Least Concern

Distribution: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mongolia, Monte Negro, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine

Size: up to 600 mm

Description: upperside coloration varies from yellowish and grey to reddish and black with a dark zigzag pattern on the back

Habitat: wide variety of habitats, such as open woodland, shrubland, hedgerows, field edges, heathland, moors, grasslands, alpine meadows, dunes and marshes

Activity: diurnal, nocturnal during hot summer months, hibernation occurs from October-November to April

Toxicity: venomous!!!

Diet: small vertebrates

Reproduction: ovoviviparous, breeding period occurs in April-May

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