Macrovipera lebetina

Common name: the Levantine Viper

Conservation status: Least Concern

Distribution: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Tunisia, India, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Pakistan, Russia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Size: up to 2000 mm

Description: upperside coloration varies from grey to dark brown with a pattern of 1 or 2 rows of big dark spots on the back and small dark spots on flanks

Habitat: semi-arid stony slopes, rocky ravines, dry foothills, mountain valleys and areas close to small water courses

Activity: diurnal, nocturnal during hot summer months, hibernation occurs from October-November to April

Toxicity: venomous!!!

Diet: small vertebrates

Reproduction: oviparous

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