Lissotriton vulgaris

Common name: the Smooth Newt

Conservation status: Least Concerned

Distribution: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom

Introduced to: Australia

Size: up to 100 mm

Description: upperside is olive green or pale brown with dark spots; dark longitudinal stripe passes along the eye; belly is orange and throat is pale, both with round dark spots; during the breeding season male has a crest that runs from the head to the end of the tail

Habitat: woodland habitats; the species breeds in still and slow moving shallow waters

Activity: nocturnal

Diet: various invertebrates

Reproduction: the clutch consists of about 60-300 eggs, which are deposited on leaves of aquatic plants

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