Bufotes sitibundus

Common name:

Conservation status: Least Concern

Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Russian Federation, Turkey

Size: up to 48-120 mm

Description: prominent parotoid glands behind the eyes, upperside is tuberculate, grayish or olive with green spots and red points, underside is grayish or white

Habitat: forests, forest steppes, steppes, semi-deserts, deserts and urban areas

Activity: nocturnal, timing of hibernation varies through the range

Diet: various invertebrates

Reproduction: breeding period lasts from February to July depending on location. Eggs are laid into the water and arranged in 1-2 rows

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