Common name: the Common Toad
Conservation status: Least Concern
Distribution: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom.
Size: up to 150 mm
Description: prominent parotoid glands behind the eyes; the pupil is horizontal; upperside is tuberculate; upperside coloration varies from grayish-white to reddish-brown; underside is yellowish-gray with dark spots
Habitat: forests, groves, bushlands, meadows, arid areas, parks and gardens
Diet: various invertebrates
Reproduction: breeding period depends on location; reproduction takes place in still water and slow-moving parts of rivers and streams; eggs are laid into the water and arranged in double string